What kind of role women had on ancient Thera cannot be said with certainty, since the scripture (Linear A) has not been deciphered, everybody may interpret the images for themselves. Nevertheless the leading role of the illustrated women is undeniable.
There is some archaeological, seismological, and vulcanological evidence that the myth of Atlantis, described by Plato (Kritias und Timaios) is Thera.
In 1700 or 1600 BCE the probably biggest vulcanic erruption of humanity let one-third of the island sink into the sea. In 1967 Spiridon Marinatos escavated de remains of a well preserved settlement - Akrotiri - and discover a culture which in technology was centuries ahead of its time.
More than 3500 years old original images of the house of the ladies (see map below)
when? 5000 to 1500 BCE ...... where? Santorini, Thera - Greece
Akrotiri is a Bronze Age settlement on the volcanic Greek island of Santorini (Thera). The settlement was destroyed in the Theran eruption about 1500 BC and buried in volcanic ash, which preserved the remains of fine Frescoes and many objects and artworks. In 1967, the archaeologist Spyridon Marinatos discovered a city of the Cycladic civilization with a strong influence of the Minoan civilization (Crete). The excellent state of preservation of the buildings and outstanding frescoes permits insights into the social, economic and cultural history of the Bronze Age in the Aegean. The settlement has been suggested as a possible inspiration for Plato's story of Atlantis.
While people in Europe at best people lived in houses with 2-3 rooms, the inhabitants of Thera stayed in spacious homes with up to 3 floors and windows, which was not common at all at that time.
a very detailed description can be found on